Here’s How To Do a Reflection in Geometry (With steps by steps)

How To Do a Reflection in Geometry
How To Do a Reflection in Geometry

Reflection is a fundamental concept in geometry. A reflection is a transformation that flips a shape over a line, called the line of reflection. It is a powerful tool for symmetry and enables us to find mirror images, which can be helpful when creating designs or patterns.

However, many students find reflection slightly challenging, but I believe that it doesn’t have to be. Read on to explore how to do reflections in geometry step-by-step. If you wonder what is a dilation in geometry, I wrote a whole article sharing examples.

What Is Reflection In Geometry?

In geometry, a reflection, known as a flip, is a geometrical transformation where an object is flipped to create a mirror or congruent image. Reflection in geometry involves examining how images appear in a mirror or a reflected surface, and it requires a good understanding of angle measures and positioning to master effectively.

How To Do Reflections in Geometry Step-by-Step

Geometry reflections can be a tricky concept to grasp, especially for those new to the subject. However, by following the below steps and with diligent practice, you can master performing reflection.

Here’s how to do reflections in geometry:

Step 1: Understand the Basics of Reflection

The first step to mastering reflection in geometry is understanding its fundamentals. Reflection is a type of transformation that can be used to visualize how geometrical shapes or objects appear when they are similarly positioned across a mirror or diverted surface.

It is essential to perform a reflection properly.

Step 2: Draw The Axis of Symmetry

Once you grasp the concept of reflection, the second step is drawing the axis of symmetry, which is the mirror image line. The axis of symmetry is an imaginary line that divides the reflected object into two identical parts. Drawing the axis of symmetry is crucial because it serves as a guide to placing the reflected image correctly.

When reflecting an object with respect to the x-axis or y-axis, I encourage you to draw a dotted line for the axis of symmetry and ensure that its distance from the object is equal on both sides.

The axis of symmetry, also known as the line of reflection, can be a horizontal, vertical, or diagonal line, depending on the orientation of the shape. Draw the line of reflection using a straightedge and label it.

Step 3: Plot the Points

Once you have drawn the line of reflection, plot the points of the shape on both sides of the line. These points will be the same distance from the line of reflection but on opposite sides of the line.

For example, if you are reflecting a triangle over a vertical line of reflection, you would plot the original triangle on the left side of the line and its mirror image on the right side of the line.

Also, make sure that you label each point so that you can identify them later.

Step 4: Reflect the Points

To reflect each point over the line of reflection, you need to find its corresponding point on the other side of the line. To do this, draw a line perpendicular to the line of reflection from the original point to the line of reflection. Then, extend this line to the other side of the line of reflection.

The point where the line intersects the line of reflection is the reflection of the original point. Repeat this process for all the points on the shape.

Step 5: Connect the points

Now that you have reflected all the points connect the reflected points to form the mirror image of the original shape. I recommend you use a straightedge to draw a line connecting the corresponding points.

Make sure that you label the new shape so that you can identify it as the reflection of the original shape.

Step 6: Check for Accuracy

Finally, check your work to make sure that your reflection is accurate. To check for accuracy, compare the new shape with the original shape and make sure that they are mirror images of each other.

Also, check that the distance between the corresponding points on the original shape and the reflected shape is the same.

Step 7: Practice with Different Shapes

Just like with any other skill, practice makes perfect. The more you practice reflections in geometry, the better you will be able to master it.

As you practice, try working with different shapes, angles, and orientations to sharpen your skills further. You could also use graph paper to help you plot and visualize reflections and make your practice more accurate.

Step 8: Seek Help When Needed

I also encourage you not to be shy to ask for help when needed. Reflection in geometry can be a tricky topic, and it’s easy to get lost or confused sometimes.

Remember, it is okay to seek help from your teacher, peers, or online resources to help you better understand reflections and become more comfortable performing them.

If you want to learn more about reflection, I encourage you to check out Khan Academy and watch this excellent video or the one below.

What to read next:

Wrapping Up

Reflection is an integral part of geometry and requires a good understanding of its fundamental concepts to master effectively.

Drawing the axis of symmetry, using angle measures correctly, practicing, and seeking help when necessary are all essential steps to learning how to do reflections in geometry.

I encourage you to practice the steps outlined in this article to learn how to do a reflection in geometry with ease.


I am Altiné. I am the guy behind When I am not teaching math, you can find me reading, running, biking, or doing anything that allows me to enjoy nature's beauty. I hope you find what you are looking for while visiting

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